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Social-Ecological Resilience to Earthquake Disaster: A Case study of rural communities in Nepal
Alina Shrestha, Krishna Prasad Poudel

Last modified: 2017-08-22

Abstract


The resilience of communities to impending disaster is a matter of great concern among various stakeholders such as academicians, researchers, aid agencies, policy makers etc. The purpose of this research is to quantify resilience in socio-ecological system (SES) towards earthquake disaster in rural communities of Nepal. This study identifies the threats and differences in ecosystem and livelihood recovery in different ethnic settings. For this, ten sets of indicators of resilience form Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS) with thematic areas, landscape diversity and ecosystem protection; biodiversity; knowledge and innovation; governance and social equity; livelihood and wellbeing were adopted. Two village development committees (VDCs) Barpak and Tauthali from Gorkha and Sindhupalchok districts respectively were selected. Altogether, 116 household surveys, 4 group-discussions, interviews with range of key informants and field based observation were carried out. ArcGIS software was used for multi-criteria analysis of spatial data. The result shows the Resilience score (RS) of Barpak (RS=86.10) is higher than that of Tauthali area (RS=75.03). However, the difference is not significant as observed from the t-test. In conclusion, higher resilience of community depends on diversification of livelihood strategies; avoidance through mobility; better governance and self-organization; disaster preparedness and planning; recognition as well as adoption of indigenous knowledge along with modern techniques and community based resource management practices. Lastly, the strategies to be implemented for resilience building were recommended.

 

Key Words: community resilience, Gorkha Earthquake, socio-ecological resilience, SEPLS indicator, resilience score


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