Mountains in the Chaning World, Mountains in the Chaning World

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Population status and threats to vultures in Eastern Nawalparasi and adjoining part of India
Ramesh Kumar Basel

Last modified: 2017-08-23


Vultures are natural scavengers as they provide with a wide ranging ecological, economic, and cultural services. The study focuses on population status of vulture and conservation threats in area adjoining with Nepal-India borders. Study was carried out in Tribeni-Susta Rural Municipality of Nawalparasi district of Nepal and Valmikinagar of West Champaran district of Bihar, India. The Vulture population was estimated by absolute count method in the potential vulture habitats for 7 days. Questionnaire survey (n= 120 respondents) was carried out to know the threat to vulture, cattle rearing trend and perception of people on vulture conservation. Prevalence of harmful Non Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) in study area was examined in total 28 agro-vets, and professionals involved were interviewed.  Population abundance was 0.43 individuals per square kilometer. The average flock size of vultures was 9.13±4.67. There was no significant difference in number of vultures sighting in the different sites (χ2= 14, df = 12, p-value>0.05). Critically endangered white rump vulture and vulnerable Egyptian vulture were recorded. Toxic drug Diclofenac was recorded in two vet shops in Indian side. Similarly, NSAID Nimesulide was found both in Nepal (8 vet shops) and India (15 agro vet shops).  Regular monitoring of vulture population and awareness programs regarding the harmful effects of NSAIDs on vultures were recommended urgently.

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