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Policies, Regulations and Institutions for Air Pollution Management in Nepal
Raju Chauhan, Rejina Maskey

Last modified: 2017-08-24

Abstract


Air pollution has become a serious environmental problem and a threat to human health in Nepal. Despite various efforts made by government to manage air pollution, the problem still persists. This study analyses the policies regulations and institutions for air pollution management in Nepal and their compliance and enforcement using Najman’s (1995) policy implementation analysis framework and strength, weakness, opportunities and challenges (SWOC) analysis. Nepal has formulated a number of policies, regulations and standard for air pollution management and has signed many international and regional treaties, protocols and agreements to manage air pollution problems. Banning of polluting vehicles and brick kilns, collection of pollution tax, ambient air quality monitoring, exhaust emission monitoring and issuance of green sticker, and improvement of roads, footpaths and cycle lanes are some of the major initiative taken in Nepal to manage air pollution.  Government institution, judiciary, academic institutions, civil society and private sectors are working for air quality management. However, lack of adequate research and monitoring, poor institutional infrastructure and technological capacity, lack of institutional decentralization, and gaps in coordination and collaboration among agencies has always been obstacle for successful management. These problems should be addressed urgently for successful management of air pollution problem in Nepal.

Keywords: air, pollution management, legal enforcement, policy, Nepal, policy implementation


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