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Perception, Determinants and Barriers to Adoption of Climate Change Adaptation Options among Nepalese Rice Farmers
Niranjan Devkota, Ram Kumar Phuyal, Durga Lal Shrestha

Last modified: 2017-06-26

Abstract


This paper estimates perception, determinants and barriers to adoption of climate change adaptation options among Nepalese rice farmers. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to source respondents for the study and used structured questionnaire techniques to collect data from 773 households from seven districts – 3 from Terai and 4 from Hilly region of Nepal. Binomial logistic regression model was used to detangle the determinants of the adoption of climate change adaptation options among the farmers. Result revealed that about 80.7% of the farmers perceived change in temperature and 90% believed that there is a decrease in rainfall in 30 years period. 77% farm household responds that rice production and yield has decreased due to such changes which force them to the adoption of available adaptation options. This study found mainly 12 adaptation options are used by the rice farmers among them increasing use of chemical fertilizer, use of climate-smart rice verities, change in nursery date are first three adoption options. Overall 71% of the farmers adopt such adaptation options to protect themselves from the perceived risk. However, farmers are facing several barriers such as capital inadequacy, high cost of agricultural inputs, poor adaptation information to the farmers, inadequate to access to credit facility and inadequate awareness about adaptation to adopting such adaptation options. Binomial regression result has revealed that several factors influence farmers’ choice of adaptation measures. Our findings suggest the need for greater investment to remove the barriers and institutional set up that helps to improve rice farmers’ wellbeing.


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