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DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGY OF EROSION IN MAIZE FIELD OF SINDHUKHOLA SUBWATERSHED REGION, NEPAL
Bibek Panta, Thaneshwar Bhandari

Last modified: 2017-08-31

Abstract


This study assessed the disaster risk management strategies of erosion and factor influencing the use of erosion control measure in Thakani and Sindhukot VDC of Sindhupalchowk district of Nepal. Pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect primary data from sixty households of each VDC by purposive sampling and secondary information were collected  from Central Bureau of Statistics, Melamchi Municipality and published and unpublished journals. Major disasters prevailed in the surveyed area were wildlife damage, insects and pests, input scarcity, erosion, heavy wind, earthquake and hailstones. Respondent ranked erosion as the fifth disasters prevailed in the area among several disasters. Among many causes of erosion, heavy rainfall and weak geographical structure were considered as major cause of the erosion. Majority of the farmers perceived the intensity of erosion was moderately increasing in the latest few years but most of the respondent perceived low effect of erosion in maize yield. Adopted measures of mitigation were changing planting season, zero tillage, agro-forestry, using resistant varieties, etc. Most of the farmers had not adopted erosion control measures i.e. only 27.5% of respondent found adopted control measures. Reasons for no adoption were lack government support, lack of credit facility, no early warning system and lack of knowledge & technology. Binary Logit model was used to assess the factors determining adoption of erosion control methods. The study revealed that education of household head, number of economically active population and total income of household are significant to the adoption of control measures.

 

Key words: disaster, erosion, adaptation


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