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Title: Study of Risk perceptions after Gorkha Earthquake-2015 in the Khokana, Lalitpur, Nepal
Suraj Gautam, Basanta Raj Adhikari, Gaurav Panthi

Last modified: 2017-08-24


Human settlement and land use scenario in the traditional settlements like Khokana have many complex attributes. Vulnerable elements are most affected by disaster due to uncertainty components. Risk perception is the major attribute to understand the effect of the disaster because it depends upon the damage grades of the houses, surrounding environment, education level and the level of support and assistance received. Risk perception analysis is very important for post-disaster reconstruction and recovery however the government is mostly doing reconstruction neglecting the importance.  Proper knowledge of disaster risk will lead to proper preparedness for and response to natural disasters in future. The amount of destruction is very high in the core area with severe losses and the fringe areas with minimal losses. Therefore, 34 houses in the core and 27 houses in the outer area were selected in the Khokana village, one of the worst hit area by the Gorkha Earthquake-2015, to understand the risk perception through the comparison analysis among the locals in core and fringe areas considering level of education, damage grades, income, exposure to disaster etc.

Most people stressed about the necessity of open space during disaster which increased from 35% to 44%. The level of financial risk perception has been significantly increased after the disaster. Building damage has positive correlation with risk perception as being 74% of the houses damaged in core area whereas 38% in the outer area. Interestingly, the level of education does not affect in the risk perception and mostly depends on personal lifestyle.

Category: Disasters, resilience, and adaptation

Keywords: risk perception, comparison, correlation

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