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Livelihood Improvement of Indigenous Tharu Community through Riverbed Vegetable Farming: Evidences from Kanchanpur District, Nepal
Vivek Bist

Last modified: 2017-08-24

Abstract


Vast tracks of riverbeds in terai region of Nepal, which are fertile but fallow, can be utilized for vegetable production in dry season. About 8000 ha of riverbed land can be used for farming in terai region of Far-Western Nepal. This study was conducted to find out overall farming scenario and assess the contribution of riverbed vegetable farming in annual household income of commercial riverbed vegetable farmers of Kanchanpur district. Two tharu communities, Banara (in the banks of Banara River) and Rajghat (in the banks of Mohana River) were purposively selected being the major riverbed vegetable farming localities of the district. A total of 60 farmers, 30 from each village, were randomly selected and surveyed with a semi-structured questionnaire. Focus Group Discussions with key farmers were carried out along with the participation of local extension workers. The data entered and analysed using MS-Excel and SPSS Software. The average area of riverbed under cultivation and gross income from riverbed vegetable farming was found to be 0.22 ha and NRs. 694291.03 per ha respectively. Its contribution in annual household income was 39%. Income from riverbed vegetable farming can be substantially increased by providing subsidies in inputs, Integrated Pest Management trainings, crop insurance and controlling postharvest losses. The livelihood of landless and land-poor indigenous tharu community can be sustainably improved by effective extension of riverbed vegetable farming technology.

Keywords: Riverbed vegetable farming, indigenous tharu community, livelihood improvement

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