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Technical efficiency of maize seed production and its determinants in Palpa district, Nepal
Mahesh Sapkota

Last modified: 2017-08-25


Maize is the second most important staple crop in Nepal, but the average yield of maize is very low compared to other countries having similar agro-climatic requirements.  Inefficient use of resources had led to low yield in maize crop. This paper aimed to assess technical efficiency (TE) of maize seed production and the major factors contributing to the TE. The Raosoft software was used to determine the required sample size. A total of 182 samples were selected using simple random technique and surveyed in June, 2016. Stochastic production frontier model and Tobit model were used to derive the results. The TE ranged from 0.25-0.92 with an average of 0.71. This revealed the scope of increasing the TE by 29 percent. The higher proportion of farmers (29.1%) had the TE of >0.8-0.9 followed >0.7-0.8 (28.6%) and >0.6-0.7 (23.1%). The TE in the study area is largely determined by the age and schooling of household head, experience on maize seed production, area shared by maize seed crop, livestock possession, source of seed and access to extension. The study recommends that the concerned organizations should focus on motivating farmers to expand the area under maize seed production supplemented by a better access to quality seed and provide technical knowledge by easing their access to extension services in order to improve the TE.

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