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Study on Relationship of Socioeconomic Factors of Citrus Growers in Lamjung, Nepal
Achyut Gaire

Last modified: 2017-08-25

Abstract


Production and productivity of citrus has been decreased drastically in last few years in Nepal as well as in Lamjungdistrict. The national production of citrus and productive area was 263,710Mt and 23,607 ha respectively in 2010/11while that of 216,188Mt and 23,645ha in 2012/13. Similarly, the productive area and production of citrus in Lamjungwas 1,542 ha and 16,893Mt in 2011/12 respectively while it was 578 ha and 4,657 Mt in 2015/16. Thus, this studyaimed at analyzing the socioeconomic factors affecting citrus production by investigating major variables such as thetotal area under citrus cultivation, cropping pattern, literacy of household head, irrigation, pesticides, subsidies, andproduction related problems. With the selection of 50 farmers purposively, the household survey was conducted withsemi-structured questionnaires in Tarkughat, Chandreshwor, Bhoteoodar, Chitti and Duradanda VDCs and interviewschedule was conducted during January- February 2016. The result revealed that 24% of the total area was under solecropping pattern while remaining area was under mixed cropping with coffee and vegetables. Mandarin spp. was foundto be exclusively cultivated among citrus. 53% of the total area under citrus cultivation was managed by grower havingthe literacy equivalent to secondary level or below. 88% of the variability of independent variables (number of plantgiving fruits, total number of citrus plant, irrigation, pesticides, production-related problems, area under citrus) hada significant effect on citrus production while 12% of the variability had a random effect on the production at 5% levelof significance. The mean production was found to be18.84quintals in 2012 while that of 10.35 quintals in 2016. Thisvariation on citrus production was found due to various production related problems .73% of the total area undercitrus had been suffered by greening disease while 26% of the area was suffered by both input management problemand citrus greening resulting into a dead citrus plants. Thus, this drastic decreased in production caused the declinein production and cessation of citrus marketing in Lamjung. Through this survey, it was concluded that that citrusproduction has been decreasing drastically in present years mainly due to citrus greening disease, different orchardmanagemental problems and other socio-economic factors adversely affecting the marketing. This has been limitingthe source of income of farmers of Lamjung.

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