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Socio-economic analysis of wheat production in Kanchanpur district of Nepal
Vivek Bist, Sudip Adhikari, Nirmala Acharya, Suryamani Dhungana

Last modified: 2017-08-25

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to assess the socioeconomic condition of wheat growers. A field survey was carried out in 120 households of Kanchanpur district during April-May, 2017. Simple random sampling technique was used to collect data using a semi-structured interview schedule. The average household size in the study area was 6. Dependency ratio was 0.41. The average livestock holding was 2.37 livestock unit. 96% of household heads were male. 60% of the farmers used improved seeds for sowing. The total cost, gross returns and profit from wheat production was found to be NRs. 48434 per ha, 86514 per ha and 38080 per ha respectively. Maximum cost employed by wheat growers was in manual labour (42%) followed by seed (14%). Inputs like chemical fertilizer were used in lesser amount in the study area. The productivity of wheat was 2.53 ton per ha. The major problems in wheat production in the study area were limited availability of improved seed, poor nutrient management practices and high cost of inputs. Proper training and adequate government support on inputs and farm machineries would help in increasing wheat production and improving socio-economic condition of wheat growers.


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