Mountains in the Chaning World, Mountains in the Chaning World

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STATUS OF PESTICIDES USE AND ITS RESIDUE IN FOOD CROP IN NEPAL
Dharmendra Kalauni

Last modified: 2017-08-25

Abstract


Pesticide use in Nepal is in increasing trend and at present, the national average pesticides consumption is 396 gm a.i/ha which is much higher than the past average value 142 gm a.i./ha (1995). In food crops highest pesticide application is found in the vegetable (1.604693 a.i. kg/ha) followed by the cash crops (0.186542 a.i. kg/ha), pulses (0.05075 a.i. kg/ha), cereals (0.046125 a.i. kg/ha), and fruits (0.029187 a.i. kg/ha). Though pesticide usage is comparatively less than developed countries but the risk is much higher in the country due to the poor know-how of farmers toward pesticide use. The study reported that nearly 51% farmers experienced an acute toxicity syndrome of pesticides and one of ten farmers reported several kinds of chronic diseases.  The rampant use of the pesticides has aggravated many such health hazards and environmental problems in the different parts of the country. The frequent and high dose of the pesticide has consequently resulted in unavoidable pesticides residue in the agriculture produce. Some agriculture commodity like tea, honey, etc has gained setback in their export to the foreign country since they cross the maximum residue limit (MRL).


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