Mountains in the Chaning World, Mountains in the Chaning World

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PARTICIPATORY ASSESSMENT TO DETERMINE MAIZE INNOVATIONS AND ADOPTIONS IN MID HILLS OF NEPAL, PALPA
Roshana Gautam

Last modified: 2017-08-31

Abstract


Adoption of technological innovations in agriculture is important for developing countries where majority of population derives it livelihood from agriculture productions. New technology provides opportunity to increase production and income substantially. This research is a part of project, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center. In June, 2015 a survey was carried out in two village development committee (VDC’s), Chandibhanjyang and Dhungakhani of Palpa district. The main objective of the study was to determine the current level of adoption of maize innovations and decision making role of peasants in integrated farming systems. Pre-tested interview schedule was administered to 37 purposively selected households in both VDCs. Content validity was done and adoption index tool was used to determine adoption level of respondents. The major domains were use of hybrid seeds, mini-tiller, fertilizers, row sowing etc which influence the adoptions of maize innovations. The study revealed that majority of farmers belonged to high adoption category (63%) followed by medium adoption category (21%) and low adoption category (16%). The Technology Adoption Index (TAI) was found 29%. Adoption index and income were positively (r2=0.30) correlated, where as maize area has no any impacts.Technical facilities, land holding size, topography etc. were the major constraints to the adoption of improved practices for smallholder peasants. The results from this survey suggest that the strategy for improving the adoption of innovations differ depending on infrastructure and the socio-economic conditions of the farmers in hilly region.

Keywords: Adoption Index, Innovation, Maize, Peasants, Yield

 


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