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ASSESSMENT OF POST-EARTHQUAKE WATER POVERTY INDEX: A CASE STUDY OF THULOSIRUBARI VDC, SINDHUPALCHOWK
Bikram Manandhar, Kamal Gyawali

Last modified: 2017-09-04

Abstract


On 25 April 2015, at 11:56 local time, devastating earthquake of about 7.8 magnitude struck Nepal affecting 31 districts. Sindhupalchowk is one of the worst-affected districts where 1497 Male and 1943 Female lost their life and 4058 people were injured. Water, a life-sustaining and dynamic element, can become the major concern after a disaster and of course recent earthquake exaggerated the water poverty. This study made an attempt to assess the impact of earthquake on water resources infrastructure and construct post-earthquake water poverty index of Thulosirubari VDC using five components Resources, Access, Capacity, Use and Environment with eleven indicators and fourteen variables. Focus Group Discussion at ward level was the major source of information to assess the water poverty at the VDC level. Study shows that earthquake has severe impact on water resource related infrastructure in all the wards of the VDC, pipe line and water storage tank of the community water supply system and irrigation canal were damaged affecting every corner of the society. They were deprived of drinking water facility for more than two week and even during research period people were forced to travel longer distance to manage water for the household use. The study results show that Water Poverty Index (WPI) is 40.78 where Resource (R)=69, Access (A)=36, Capacity (C)=44, Use (U)=27, Environment (E) =27.6 respectively which is relatively worse compared to national level (54.4). Analysis of the WPI components in the VDC shows somewhat higher values of resources and capacity compared to access, use and environment.


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