Mountains in the Chaning World, Mountains in the Chaning World

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CALL FOR URBAN RESILIENCE: An Indian Perspective
ISHITA BHATNAGAR

Last modified: 2017-09-04

Abstract


It is not uncommon to see disasters as consequences of human negligence. This is evidenced by the national emergencies of Chennai Floods in 2015 and Delhi Air Pollution in 2016. The 21st century is certainly witnessing two distinct but intertwined trends first is rapid urbanization and second is an increased frequency of disasters. Urban disasters expose the vulnerability of cities to various hazards which endanger the population either spontaneously or deliberately. Due to industrialization and globalization, there are major migration issues which pressurize the limited resources of a city and threaten its security. Over 377 million people are living in 7,935 towns/cities as per the Census of India 2011. Government schemes such as Smart Cities Mission, AMRUT, and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aim at transforming the grim situation of urban areas. However, the abysmal state of coordination between the urban local bodies and the communities is a major hurdle that the cities need to overcome. Our study focuses on analyzing the development of coping mechanisms over the years and highlighting the loopholes in the existing schemes. Subsequently, we shall define and examine the level of urban resilience that can be achieved by these initiatives.

Keywords: resilience, urban disaster, coping mechanism

 


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