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Impact of Natural Disaster on Human Development: A Case Study on Dacope Upazila in Khulna District, Bangladesh
Md Mujibor Rahman, Suborna Sarkar

Last modified: 2017-08-07

Abstract


The study focuses on the impact of disaster on human development in Dacope Upazila, Kamarkhola Union, which is the south western coastal region of Bangladesh. There are several factors by which one country’s total development could be fluctuated. Human Development Index or HDI value is considered as one of the basic factors by which a country’s total development can be measured. Human development report is a yearly data report that is published every year by UNDP.  For measuring the HDI value, there are three recognized parameters by UNDP. These are Life Expectancy Index, Education Index and Gross National Income Index. With the concern of those three factors, finally Human Development Index would be measured. By analyzing the data in result discussion chapter it is clear that, disaster affects greatly on those three parameters and that is why finally the total HDI value is not increasing in desirable way. If the study area’s status could be high then the total country’s status would be higher than the present condition. Every year because of such devastation disaster, many areas population were not able to participate in more human capital formation process which is most essential for human development and as a result total country’s HDI value could not be reached in satisfactory rate. Disaster is an unavoidable phenomenon and the intensity of disaster mostly effect on human development. As it is not possible to stop the devastation, but the challenges would be turned into opportunities by steely determination and pragmatic steps. So proper concern on the disaster affected people could make the country more developed as it aims.

 

Key Words: Impact, Disaster, Human Development and Coastal areas.

 


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