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Mapping solid waste in the creeks of Cebu City: In search for technological solutions
Emmanuel Pacudan Crucio

Last modified: 2017-09-17

Abstract


The challenge of solid waste management in Cebu City is not only an enforcement issue based on the Republic Act 9003 but cut across behavioural, technological and political dimensions. By government classification, being a first-class and a highly Urbanized Independent City (HUIC) with a population of 923,000 (80 Barangays) based on the 2015 Census, it is considered by the World Bank as the second-biggest growth area in the Philippines after Manila. Section 10 of RA 9003 says that local government units (LGUs) shall be mainly responsible for the implementation of the Act, thus, segregation and collection of solid waste shall be conducted at the barangay (village) level for biodegradable, compostable and reusable wastes, while the collection of non-recyclable materials and special wastes shall be the responsibility of municipal and city governments. Initial mapping of creeks in some areas of the city show various amounts of waste materials polluting the waters until it drains into the sea. The project simply made use of mobile phones and locating the exact positions of the creeks being surveyed via Google map showing GPS latitude and longitude figures. Gathered conceptual technological solutions are available like water garbage vacuum, water garbage filter and robotic garbage collector. These technologies if processed will help find solutions to the problem at hand. Policy-wise, the city has been sufficiently supported with ordinances and local laws Despite several agencies and offices within the local bureaucracy working out to make the city clean and manage waste materials well, it is facing enormous tasks day by day. The City agencies involved in SWM are:  The Cebu City Environment and Natural Resources Office (CCENRO), set up in 2010, which is an information/research/planning department but has limited technical staff to do the work; The City Environmental Sanitation Enforcement Team (CESET), formed in 2003, in charge of enforcing penalties and has now become under the administrative supervision of CCENRO; and  the Department of Public Services, Garbage and Maintenance Services, assigned to the collection, transport, and disposal of solid waste generated from the City’s main roads. The final aim of the technological solutions is to complement policy enforcement strategies of the city thereby changing the behavioural landscape of the stakeholders for the best.

Keywords: Behavioural, technology, mapping, solid waste, urban creeks


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