Mountains in the Chaning World, Mountains in the Chaning World

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Climate variability impacts on agriculture and adaptation measures practiced in Lelep village, Taplejung Nepal
Shubekshya Upadhyay

Last modified: 2017-09-17

Abstract


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epal is vulnerable to the changing climatic condition despite of less contribution towards globalwarming. The country, with the exception of some isolated pockets, has become warmer. Recentdata on temperature trends showed 0.04°C rise in temperature annually whereas mean rainfallhas significantly decreased on an average of 3.7 mm per month per decade.Nepal has suffered from increased frequency of extreme weather events such as landslides,floods and droughts resulting to the loss of human lives as well as high social and economiccosts. The increase is more pronounced in the Middle Hills and the High Himalayas. Changes inclimatic variables such as erratic rainfall, an unpredictable onset of the monsoon season, anddroughts have resulted in negative impacts on agriculture as well as on food, livelihood, andwater security.The study was carried out in Lelep, one of the VDCs of Kanchenjunga Conservation Area(KCA). This study aims to observe the changes in agricultural pattern due to the changingclimate. Questionnaire survey was conducted in 32 households along with 4 key informantinterviews in the research site. Decline in productivity of different crops have been observed dueto erratic rainfall, increasing number of pests followed by onset of different new diseases. As aresult, people are more concentrated towards cash crops such as Cardamom rather than foodcrops such as maize, barley, wheat, potato due to these constrains. Hence, it is important to focuson adaptation measures to make the livelihood of the villagers easier.

keywords: climate change, agriculture, adaptation


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