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Technological Intervention on Disaster Waste Management in Nepal
Alka Sapkota

Last modified: 2017-09-26

Abstract


Environmental pollution is the major problem associated with rapid industrialization, urbanization and rise in living standards of people. Increasing amount of solid waste and the pressure it has exerted on environment requires effective approach to manage it. The devastating earthquake 2015 in Nepal generated huge amount debris which now has been a major environmental challenge for the Government and society in large. Thousands of tons of tons of debris have been piled up in the affected areas which requires immediate and systematic clean up and management.

Nepal lags behind other developing countries in technology usage and infrastructure in terms of both SWM and disaster waste management. As earthquake generated huge amount of disaster waste in short time span, timely development of disaster waste strategy and guidelines with proper use of appropriate technology play important role to ensure sustainable and smooth recovery after disaster. It entails building capabilities, technical understanding and acquiring new technical skills and managerial practices. It requires the ability to understand and master new technology and adapt it to local conditions. Institutions in developing countries like Nepal often lack the expertise to determine new skills, technical knowledge and organizational techniques required to make proper use of newly imported technologies making management of disaster waste more challenging.

Waste Management service in Nepal has failed to respond effectively to ever growing amount of waste even in normal time, it has failed more during and after the post-earthquake. This study concentrates on technological challenges on disaster waste management and identifies factors required to overcome technological gaps. This study emphasis on adoption of proper technologies for material and energy recovery from disaster waste which ultimately reduces waste volume and landfill site requirement.

Key Words: Disaster Waste, Solid Waste Management, Earthquake, Technology, Recovery


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