Mountains in the Chaning World, Mountains in the Chaning World

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Experience on Zero Waste Management Initiative in Nepal
Mahesh Nakarmi, Prerana Dangol, Urukshya Dongol, R Dumaru

Last modified: 2017-10-03


The Solid Waste Hazard is persistent all over the country from Himalayas to Terai, from villages to cities sparing nobody. In Nepalese context, Solid Waste Issues were taken into consideration since 1978 with the initiation of the Solid Waste Management Project with the cooperation of the Federal Republic of Germany. The current practice of Solid Waste Management is shortly known as “Throw Away†practice with municipalities collecting, transferring and partly disposed into landfill sites and mostly into open Nature as riverbanks, forests, ponds, and open places. Today, solid waste produced in the country exceeds 7,500 Tons per day with 1,489 Tons/day produced in 58 municipalities alone. For practical purpose, the SWM should be the issue of moving from the current practice based on “Throw Away†to a new culture of “Don’t Throw Away, Don’t Burn, Don’t Bury and Send Back/Take Back†and inviting partnership between the stakeholders- the Government, Business and Communities. (Source: Zero Waste- A New Culture for a new century, 2005). After the decade experience on health care waste management program, HECAF being a member of GAIA, promoting  Zero Waste Management system in non health care facilities  since 2015 and have successfully implemented the system in a Buddhist Nunnery and in a Higher Secondary School. Previously waste was open burnt or thrown away to municipal stream which had adverse effect in the environment. At present these sectors follow the 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) principle where waste is collected and stored for recycling and the food waste is bio digested through the anaerobic process of bio digestion in the biogas plant. Now many other institutes are interested to join this initiative.

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