Mountains in the Chaning World, Mountains in the Chaning World

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FOOD CONSUMPTION, NUTRITION AND COPING STRATEGIES OF TRIBAL HOUSEHOLDS FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD IN THE CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS OF BANGLADESH
Rafiqul Islam, Md. Habibur Rahman

Last modified: 2017-08-14

Abstract


The study was conducted in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh in 2014-15 with the research question- What is the level of food consumption and nutritional status of the hilly minorities? To estimate the food consumption, nutritional status and coping strategies for sustainable livelihood of tribal households, data on food consumption, nutritional intake, and coping strategies were collected purposively through interview schedule from a total 300 households. Collected data were edited, tabulated and analyzed by different statistical tools to find out the answer of the research question. Consumption data were collected for every alternate day through interview female household members for three months. The quantities of food items were calculated for the energy and nutrient values. All the households consumed three meals daily i.e. breakfast, lunch and supper and consumed more than 10 different food items among the 14 food groups in a week. A member consumed 879.20 gm of different food items in their daily diet and acquired 2170.26 Kcal energy. They consumed more than 240 grams vegetables a day, which was higher than recommendation of national average. Rice, fish, nappee and vegetables were the major sources of protein, calcium, and iron. Fish was the main sources of animal protein but they consumed lower quantity of fish. Surveyed households in the CHT took up a variety of coping strategies like reducing adult consumption, purchase food on credit, limit size of meals, borrow food from relatives/ neighbours/ friends, collect wild foods, selling labour etc. to maintain sustainability of livelihood.

 

Key Words: Food consumption, Nutrition, Nappee and Livelihood.


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