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Status and Trend of Human Wildlife Conflict: A Case Study of Lelep and Yamphudin region, Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, Taplejung
Roshan Sherchan

Last modified: 2017-08-06

Abstract


Roshan Sherchan1, Ananta Bhandari2, Manish Kokh Shrestha3

1 Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal, sherchanroshan68@gmail.com

2 World Wildlife Fund, Nepal, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal

3Free lancer, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Abstract

Livestock depredation in Ghunsa, Lelep VDC indicates an upward trend. As per the record of Snow Leopard Conservation Committee, the annual average loss rate is 11% in ten years (2005-2014) in Ghunsa.  Despite community based insurance scheme, loss has been increased to 28% from 17.2% in 2014. It can be argued that loss would have been much higher, was there not been an insurance scheme. No retaliatory killing of snow leopard was reported since 2005 which is attributed to success of conservation efforts. The study employed combination of survey methods viz. questionnaire survey, focus group discussion, key informant interview and field observation. Ghunsa village has no crop damage issue. However in Yamphudin, conflict is due to wild dogs. Wild dogs kill Urang- hybrid of female yak and ox.  It is estimated that there are 4-5 groups of wild dogs. Each group might have 7-8 individual dogs. Yamphudin also implements a community based insurance scheme. The record indicates that the annual average loss rate was 4.7% from 2005 to 2014. Crop guarding was the most used preventive measure but stone wall and chiraito cultivation were found to be the most effective. The study recommends that premium and relief amount should be revised. Supports in stone wall and bio-fence should be increased. The conservation office needs to educate local people on Wildlife Damage Support Relief Guidelines (2012) as people were unaware.

Key words: Snow Leopards, Wild dogs, Crop damage, Livestock depredation, Insurance Scheme


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