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An Integrated pest management(IPM) approach on vegeatables ( cowpea ) through farmer field’s school .
pratap pandey

Last modified: 2017-08-21

Abstract


This research focused on integrated pest management technique in cowpea (karma) variety through IPM field school conducted for 18 weeks in Agriculture and Forestry University.  It deals with the careful consideration of all available pest control techniques and subsequent integration of appropriate measures that discourage the development of pest populations and keep pesticides and other interventions to levels that are economically justified and reduce or minimize risks to human health and the environment. It also emphasizes the growth of a healthy crop with the least possible disruption to agro-ecosystems and encourages natural pest control mechanisms. IPM school is so conducted   that there is active participation of all participants in the field on the principle of ‘seeing is believing’. The field is divided into two plots each of 300square meter. One is considered as IPM plot where all IPM practices are adopted and in next field existing farmer practices are adopted to compare each other. Necessary intercultural operations, weed, nutrient, pest management practices are adopted according to IPM practice on IPM plot and farmer practice in farmer field. Finally when the yield was compared it is found that 281 kg or 9.38ton/ ha yield of cowpea was obtained from IPM plot and 269 kg or 8.8ton /ha was obtained from Framers filed.

Thus it is concluded that IPM practice is far better than existing farmers   practice  in terms of cost of production , yield which is equally important for protecting biodiversity ,minimizes losses and maximizing the production. Hence it is encouraged to all farmers to adopt IPM practice to enhance yield which is eco- friendly and which helps in sustainable agriculture.

Key words- Integrated Pest Mangement, IPM field school, sustainable agriculture


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