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Socio-economic Analysis of Food Insecurity: A Case of Bajura District, Nepal.
Sagar Bista, Rishi Ram Kattel

Last modified: 2017-08-27

Abstract


Food insecurity is the core socio-economic problem of far western development region of Nepal. In this context this study assessed the intensity, determinants of food insecurity and the strategies adopted by the resource poor to cope the problem in lowest developed Bajura district of Nepal. The study district was selected purposively and it was further categorized into two clusters based on upper and lower belt VDCs. Cross sectional 210 household data were collected in 2016 using pretested interview schedule and simple random sampling technique (105 households from each cluster). Intensity of food insecurity was measured using head count ratio, gap index and severity index. Further, binary logit model was used to assess the impact of different socio-economic variables on the status of household food insecurity. About 57% of the sampled households were found to be food insecure while the upper belt was relatively more compared to the lower. The land holding of the household had negative and significant effect on the status of household food insecurity whereas adult equivalent, status of household poverty, and the status of the damage done by drought were positive and had significant effect on the status of the household food insecurity. Working as a wage labor depending on off-farm income, depending on remittance, cutting off food consumption and seasonal migration were found to be the most common coping strategies at household level.

Key words: Food insecurity, binary logit, coping strategies

 


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